Lycopene is a naturally occurring chemical that gives fruits and vegetables a red color. It is one of a number of pigments called carotenoids. Lycopene is found in watermelons, pink grapefruits, apricots, and pink guavas. It is found in particularly high amounts in tomatoes and tomato products.
People take lycopene for preventing heart disease, ”hardening of the arteries “(atherosclerosis); and cancer of the prostate,breast,lung,bladder,ovaries, colon and pancreas. Lycopene is also used for treating human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, which is a major cause of uterine cancer. Some people also use lycopene for cataracts and asthma.
Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant that may help protect cells from damage.
Vitamins are vital for the normal metabolism in body. Vitamins vary in their chemical structure and are supplied in small amounts in diet, because they are not synthesised in body or their rate of production is not sufficient for maintenance of health (eg. niacin synthesis from tryptophan.) Vitamin deficiency in body may lead to development of deficiency symptoms. Different vitamin preparations are available for prophylaxis and treatment, Most vitamins are non toxic but prolonged intake of Vit. A and Vit. D can cause toxicity. Vitamins are classified in two groups I. Water soluble vitamins B-complex group, vitamin C. II. Fat soluble vitamins Vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K.
Beta-carotene is a carotenoid. Carotenoids are red, orange, or yellow, fat-soluble compounds. These compounds are naturally present in many fruits, grains, oils, and vegetables. Alpha, beta, and gamma carotene are considered provitamins because they can be converted to active vitamin A. Beta–carotene is good for vision, immunity, and overall health.